Return to Public Assistance Index Illinois Department of Human Services The Illinois Department of Human Services offers several financial and public assistance programs to the low income and people faced with an emergency. State residents who need cash assistance to help make it through a difficult period may be able to get assistance from one of several resources. Get more information on Illinois social services and public assistance by county below, or call them at 1-800-843-6154.Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) The Illinois Department of Human Services runs the Temporary Assistance or Needy Families (TANF) program, which is focused on families with one or more dependent children and/or pregnant women. Qualified individuals may be able to get help with a temporary cash assistance and other government benefits. Some of the expenses that TANF in Illinois can help pay for include utilities, food, shelter, housing, and other emergencies expenses other than medical bills.The publicly funded Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program maybe able to offer cash grants and temporary financial assistance for either of the following categories of families. Resources can help either pregnant women or assistance is offered for families with one or more dependent children. Money from TANF can help pay for basic needs and expenses that people have every day, like food, utilities, rent, and housing. Read more on cash assistance in Illinois. In addition, another key of the public assistance program is paying for transitional services and self-sufficiency type programs. The state of Illinois wants to ensure that families become independent, so TANF supports and can help with items such asGED preparation Job retention services Vocational training Postsecondary education Classes in basic English Help with childcare Work stipends Help people find work, etc.